Skip to Main Content Hope logo banner


Citing Songs

Beyonce. "Pretty Hurts." Beyonce, Parkwood Entertainment, 2013,

Blue Man Group. Three, Rhino Entertainment, 2016.

Blue Man Group. "Cimbalom 9." Three, Rhino Entertainment, 2016.

Gershwin, George. Gershwin Greatest Hits. Performance by Boston Pops Orchestra, Earl Wild, and Peter Nero. RCA, 2010.

Morris, Rae. “Closer.” Unguarded, Atlantic Records, 2015, Spotify,

Rhett & Link. "Graduation Song." YouTube, 24 May 2013,

U2. “You’re the Best Thing about Me.” iTunes app, Island Records, 2017.

Citing Audio Files

List the person who created the file. 

List the title; if there is no title, include a description or the file name.

Include the date the recording was created.

Include the file type.


Nash, Phillip. Interview. By Tracy Radbone. 24-25 May 2016. MP3 file.

Radbone, Tracy. "Hooked on a Feeling." MP3 file, created 29 Aug. 2017.

Radbone, Tracy. Recording of live reading of Dulce et Decorum Est by Wilfred Owen. 3 Feb. 2017. WAV file.

Recording of cats meowing. MP3 file, created 15 May 2017.

Smith, Kevin. "Final_Recording_Analysis2_assignment." MP3 file, created 9 Nov. 2016.

Sullivan, Anne O. “The Bees.” Read by Anne-Marie Cusac. Poem of the Day, Poetry Foundation, 27 Aug. 2017, podcasts/76357/the-bees.

Vander Ark, Lindsey. Interview. By Sheryl Taylor. 3 and 6 Aug. 2017. MP3 file.

Citing an Audiobook


Atwood, Margaret. The Handmaid's Tale. Narrated by Claire Danes et al., Audible, 2017. Audiobook.

McCall Smith, Alexander. The Comforts of a Muddy Saturday. Narrated by Davina Porter, Recorded Books, 2011. Audiobook.

Obama, Barack. Dreams of My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance. Narrated by Obama, Random House, 2005. Audiobook.

Tyson, Neil DeGrasse. Astrophysics for People in a Hurry. Blackstone Audio, Inc., 2017. Audiobook.

Note: If you listened to the audiobook (or a clip from it) on the Web, include the Web site information:

Pisani, Elizabeth. Indonesia, Etc.: Exploring the Improbable Nation. Narrated by Jan Cramer, audiobook, Audible, 2014.,


In-text citation should include the time or time range in hours, minutes and seconds:

(Atwood 02:34:34-59)



Citing a Podcast

Gladwell, Malcolm, narrator. “The Lady Vanishes.” Revisionist History, season 1, episode 1, Slate Group, 2016,

Gladwell, Malcolm, narrator. “The Lady Vanishes.” Revisionist History, iTunes app, 16 June 2016.

Chang, Ailsa, host. “Why Scientists Can’t Explain All the Appeal of an Eclipse.” Morning Edition, NPR, 11 Aug. 2017. NPR, 2017/08/11/542753070/scientists-can-t-explain-all-the-appeal-of-an-eclipse.