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Referencing: APA Style

information on how to cite sources used in your research according to APA Style

Citing Articles

JOURNAL ARTICLE (multiple authors, twenty or fewer)

Citation In-text Example:  "The probability, called the alpha level, is that of a Type I error in hypothesis testing" (Rogers & Smith, 1989, p. 20).

Reference Entry:  Rogers, E. B., & Smith, E. E. (1989). An advantage model of choice. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 2(1), 1-23.

JOURNAL ARTICLE (multiple authors, more than twenty)

Citation In-text Example:  An earlier study (Wolchik et al., 2000) suggests that this is not the case.

Reference Entry:  Wolchik, S. A., West, S. G., Sandler, I. N., Tein, J., Coatsworth, D., Smith, J., Kensington, K., Jones, S., Coughlan, S., Bortolin, L., Witte, M., Scott, A., Newport, A., Jensen, K., Wutzler, J., van Staden, I., McLean, J., Bergsma, G., Dowman, , . . . Weyer, N. (2000). An experimental evaluation of programs for children of divorce. American Psychologist, 55(5), 1040-1049.

JOURNAL ARTICLE WITH A DOI (multiple authors, twenty or fewer)

A doi, or digital object identifier, is a unique and stable string of numbers and letters that identifies a particular article in a particular journal. Do not include a period after a URL or doi.

Citation In-text Example: McMinn et al. (2010) describe four different approaches to Christian counseling.

Reference Entry:  McMinn, M. R., Staley, R. C., Webb, K. C., & Seegobin, W. (2010). Just what is Christian counseling anyway? Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 41(5), 391-397. doi:10.1037/a0018584

JOURNAL ARTICLE WITH A URL (multiple authors, twenty or fewer)

Citation In-text Example: Reading assignments may be included in high school math courses (Caputo, 2015).

Reference Entry: Caputo, M. G. (2015). Practices and benefits of reading in the mathematics curriculum. Journal of Urban Mathematics Education, 8(2), 44-52. index.php/JUME/

WEB DOCUMENT (group author)

Citation In-text Example:  According to the National Association of Social Workers (2015), strengthening child welfare services should be a priority.

Reference Entry:  National Association of Social Workers (2015). Strengthen child welfare service delivery to enhance child and family well-being. -child_welfare.pdf


NEWSPAPER ARTICLE (no author; cite author if one is listed)

Citation In-text Example: An article in the New York Times, however, suggests this is not a new trend ("Gene Tie to Male Violence," 1993).

Reference Entry:  Gene tie to male violence is studied. (1993, October 22). New York Times, p. A21.



Citation In-text Example:  This tendency is typically exhibited in women (Lamp, 1992).

Reference Entry:  Lamp, D. (1992, June 29). Genius over gender. Time, 139(23), 33-34.



Citation In-text Example: The research clearly indicates several taxonomies of inferences (DeJong & Palermo, 1974; Drew et al., 1990).

Reference Entry: Drew, M., Revlin, R., & Halldorson, M. J. (1990). Bridging-inferences and enthymemes. In A. C. Graess & G. Bower (Eds.), Inferences and text comprehension (pp. 35-52). Academic Press.


Citation In-text Example: The types, which include schemata (Runia, 1993), stereotypes (Sharif, 1992), and several less significant forms, are reported.

Reference Entry:  Runia, P. G. (1993). Relativity. In The new encyclopedia Britannica (15th ed., Vol. 26, p. 501). Encyclopedia Britannica.