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Images and Art

Referencing Works Cited Images

If you reference an image in your research, you should cite the image properly using the same referencing style you are using for the rest of your assignment. 

 For more information on how to cite images check out the Academic Honesty page and the MLA Citing Images page.

Best practice in this case is to include the whole reference in a caption under the image.

  1. Give the image a Figure number. 
  2. Then give a brief description (it is acceptable to leave this step out if the title in the reference is enough information).
  3. Then give the source according to normal MLA standards (author, title, date created, version or medium, other contributors, the publisher, where the image is housed, name of the place image is house, URL where the image is located, date accessed.

Example 1:

Black and white male figure exercising

Fig. 1. Man exercising from: Green, Annie. "Yoga: Stretching Out." Sports Digest, 8 May 2006, p. 22. 


Example 2:

Fig. 1.  "Adolphe Braun: Flower study, Rose of Sharon.”  1854. Photograph. The Metropolitan Museum of Art.  Oxford Art Online. Oxford University Press. Accessed 21 Sep. 2016.


 If you give the full reference in a caption under the picture and you do not cite the work in your essay, then you do not need to include the reference in your works cited page.

Giving Credit for Creative Commons Images

Whenever you share an image, even though you are not using it in a research paper, you need to give a credit line.

All Creative Commons images come with an accompanying licence.

Best practice for giving credit for images you have shared is to include in the caption for the image:

  1. Title
  2. Author (with a link to the person's profile page)
  3. Source (with a link to the original image source - NOT a Google search page)
  4. License (with a link to the appropriate license)

For example:

Base of Splitrock LIghthouse

"Base of Splitrock LIghthouse"by Plain Adventure is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

 Many digital images with a creative commons licence will have an embed code for the attribution. Copying the embed code is by far the simplest way to include all the details required.

Giving Credit for Public Domain Images

Public Domain images do not require an attribution but it is still good practice to give credit. 

If you give credit, it demonstrates to others that you have been careful about the way you have used images as well as recognizing another person's work.

There is no set standard for a credit line but best practice looks something like this:

Image Source: Etude d'une tête humaine, vue de face by Lequeu, Jean Jacques (1757-1825). French National Library (Public Domain). 

Other Useful Resources

A useful explanation of how to reference here: IB Visual Arts