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Referencing: MLA Style

information on how to cite sources used in your research according to MLA Style

Citing Books


Author's Last name, First name. Title of Book.  Other contributors, edition, publisher, publication year.

Comrie, Bruce. Ultimate Frisbee for the Masses. SPH Press, 2014.

Kurniawan, Fransisgo. Tips for Coaching Soccer 2nd ed., SPH Press, 2017.


eBook (including Google eBook)

Author's Last name, First name. Title of eBook.  Other contributors, edition, publisher, publication year. Name of online site, DOI or URL. [Date of access is an optional element].

Fennell, Diane. 1001 History Assignments. Updated ed., SPH Press, 2016. Humanities E-library,

Mason, Daniel Gregory. Beethoven and His Forerunners. Macmillan, 1911. Google Books, Accessed 6 July 2017. 

Entry from a Reference Book

Author's Last name, First name. "Title of Entry." Title of Book, other contributors, edition, publisher, publication year, page(s).

Radbone, Tracy, et al. "Safety on Stairs." Encyclopedia of School Safety, edited by Jason Myers, 3rd ed., Safety Publications International, 2016, pp. 245-246

Chapter in an Edited Book

Author's Last name, First name. "Title of Entry." Title of Edited Book, other contributors/editors, edition, publisher, publication year, page(s).

Sommers, David C. "ManageBac and World Domination." School Management Systems, edited by Sheryl Taylor et al., UPH Press, 2017, pp. 365-77.


Citing an Audiobook


Atwood, Margaret. The Handmaid's Tale. Narrated by Claire Danes et al., Audible, 2017. Audiobook.

McCall Smith, Alexander. The Comforts of a Muddy Saturday. Narrated by Davina Porter, Recorded Books, 2011. Audiobook.

Obama, Barack. Dreams of My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance. Narrated by Obama, Random House, 2005. Audiobook.

Tyson, Neil DeGrasse. Astrophysics for People in a Hurry. Blackstone Audio, Inc., 2017. Audiobook.

Note: If you listened to the audiobook (or a clip from it) on the Web, include the Web site information:

Pisani, Elizabeth. Indonesia, Etc.: Exploring the Improbable Nation. Narrated by Jan Cramer, audiobook, Audible, 2014.,


In-text citation should include the time or time range in hours, minutes and seconds:

(Atwood 02:34:34-59)