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Referencing: MLA Style

information on how to cite sources used in your research according to MLA Style

Citing Email Messages

based on the MLA Handbook, 8th edition

Locate the following information about the personal communication:

  • Name of the sender
  • Title of the message -- use the subject as the title
  • Name of the receiver
  • Date of the message

Structure of Citation:

Sender(s). “Title of the Message from Subject Line.” Receiver(s), Date.

Examples:

Obama, Barak. "A Question about Politics." Received by Donald J. Trump, 18 Sept. 2016.

Trump, Donald J. "Re: A Question about Politics." Received by Barak Obama, 20 Sept. 2016.

 

Citing Tweets

based on the MLA Handbook, 8th edition

Locate the following information about the personal communication:

  • Name of the tweeter
  • Title - identify a short untitled message like a tweet by using it's full-text, without changes, in place of a title
  • Title of site
  • Publication date 
  • Location

Structure of Citation:

Tweeter. “Fulltext of the Tweet.” Site, Date, Location.

Examples:

@KensingtonRoyal. "The Duke: 'I am Honoured to be Patron of the Thin Red Line Appeal' @ArgyllsMuseum." Twitter, 24 Oct. 2016, http://twitter.com/kensingtonroyal/status/790516722436542464.

NOTE:  ignore special characters when alphabetizing entries in your "Works Cited" list. @KensingtonRoyal would be alphabetized under K for Kensington.

CIting Blog Posts

Manchester, Julia. "Flake Challenger: Trump 'Is What the Country Wanted'." The Hill, Capitol Hill Publishing Corp., 27 Aug. 2017, thehill.com/blogs/ballot-box/senate-races/348176-flake-challenger-trump-has-lofty-goals-that-we-should.

Clancy, Kate. "Defensive Scholarly Writing and Science Communication." Context and Variation, Scientific American Blogs, 24 Apr. 2013, blogs.scientificamerican.com/context-and-variation-2013/04/24/defensive-scholarly-writing-and-science-communication/.